Popularly referred as the 'Queen of Hill Stations'
Ooty is situated in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Many of the forested areas and water bodies are off-limits to most visitors to protect this fragile ecosystem. Some areas of the Biosphere Reserve have been earmarked for tourism development, and steps are being undertaken to open these areas to visitors whilst conserving the area. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was built by the British in 1908,and was initially operated by the Madras Railway Company. The railway still relies on its fleet of steam locomotives.